250. Principles of Advocacy
An overview of the United States legal system with an emphasis on the adversarial approach to resolution of conflicts and controversies in federal, state, and local tribunals as well as in alternate forums and venues. Students will gain a general understanding of the roles of the various participants with primary focus on the role of the lawyer as advocate. The course will incorporate aspirational and ethical considerations, practical issues faced by trial attorneys, and the potential for fulfillment and disillusionment fighting the battles of others. (Social Science)

262. American Politics
Survey of the theory and practice of constitutional government in the United States. (Social Science) HASSELL or STAFF

282. Public Policy
Introduction to the policy-making process, to the basics of public policy analysis, and to the substance of selected policy debates. (Social Science) POULETTE

355-359. Seminar in American Politics
Examination of a particular topic or issue in American politics. Content varies from year to year. See Topics Courses. Prerequisite: POL 262. Offered subject to availability of faculty. (Social Science)

361. Race, Sex, and the Constitution
Exploration of Constitutional principles including equal protection of the laws, privacy, and freedom of speech as they apply to issues of race, gender, and ethnicity: race and sex discrimination, equal opportunity, affirmative action, abortion, pornography, privacy rights, hate speech, political correctness, etc. Prerequisites: POL 262 and junior standing. Alternate years. (Social Science)

363. Campaigns and Elections
Electoral process in the U.S., including discussion of the numerous factors which contribute to or diminish the probability of electoral success. Prerequisite: POL 262. Alternate years. (Social Science)

364. Congress and the Presidency
In-depth study of the central institutions of the American political system and the evolving relationship between them. Prerequisite: POL 262. Alternate years. (Social Science) HASSELL

365. Constitutional Law: The American System
Structure and function of the American judicial system and its role in constitutional interpretation. The court's role in three great conflicts that have shaped the American experience: (1) nation vs. states–the struggle for sovereignty, (2) Congress vs. President–the struggle for supremacy over national policy, and (3) government vs. business–the struggle over government regulation of the economy. Prerequisites: POL 262 and junior standing. Alternate years. (Social Science) ALLIN

366. Constitutional Law: Rights and Liberties
Rights of individuals in America. The court's role in three broad areas: (1) criminal prosecution, (2) free expression, and (3) race and sex discrimination. Prerequisites: POL 262 and junior standing. Alternate years. (Social Science)

367. Urban Politics and Policy
Government in urban America. Issues of public policy, and their consequences for city dwellers and the nation. Feasibility and desirability of various solutions. Prerequisite: POL 262 or 282. Alternate years. (Social Science) ALLIN

368. Environmental Politics and Policy
Analysis of the policy process concerning energy and environmental issues, emphasizing the interrelated roles of Congress, federal and state agencies, the President, interest groups, etc., and including an evaluation of alternative policies. Prerequisite: POL 262 or 282. Alternate years. (Social Science) ALLIN

371. Wilderness Politics and Policy
An exploration of governmental policies designed to preserve and manage wilderness areas in the United States. Taught at the Wilderness Field Station and in the Boundary Waters Canoe Area. Registration entails additional costs. Prerequisites: POL 262 or 282 and permission of the instructor. Alternate years. (Social Science)

372. Current Cases before the Supreme Court
Examination of selected cases to be heard by the Supreme Court through lecture, discussion, and oral argument. Case analysis by Judge Hansen and Professor Sutherland in the first half of the course; oral argument by students in the last half. Prerequisite: POL 262. (Social Science)

381. Education Policy in America: Dollars, Sticks, or Carrots?
This course will focus on analyzing contemporary education policy in the United States. We will explore the motivations, goals, and outcomes of major educational policies. Have they achieved what they intended to accomplish? Why or why not? We will also consider issues concerning the role of education in society, the presence and impact of inequality in education, and the role of the federal government in guiding education policy. Throughout the course we will return to an underlying question that permeates many of today’s education policy debates: What is the proper use of incentives, resources, and/or sanctions in maximizing student achievement, teacher quality, and social benefits from education? Prerequisite: POL 262 or 282. (Social Science)

382. Methods of Public Policy Analysis
Methods of public policy analysis emphasizing economic and quantitative tools for policy making and policy evaluation. Prerequisites: STA 201; POL 262 or 282; ECB 101 or 102. (Social Science) POULETTE

561. Mock Trial (1/4)
Participating in simulated trials in competition with teams from other institutions, learning legal practices, procedures and ethics and developing critical thinking and public speaking skills. (CR)

981. Washington Center: see Cornell-Approved Domestic Off-Campus Programs.

982. Capital Experience: see Cornell-Approved Domestic Off-Campus Programs.